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Resistance History of Kashmir

Resistance History of Kashmir
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By : Asrar Ali


Conflict ridden valley is an unending tale in between war and peace with endless tragedies and miseries as such hundreds of book are not enough to cover up the vicissitude and tribulation of its inhabitants. The book under review is just a tribute to the Kashmir resistance and is epoch work and deep research done by the author which is mostly based on realities and heart wrenching tale of Kashmir struggle who has well portrayed the Kashmir resistance movement.
The book consists of six chapters including introduction part along with appendixes which is also more interesting as the other chapters. The book starts with an introduction part in which author has given the geographical description of Kashmir.

As per the Author, The Kashmir is the only region in the sub-continent which has continuous recorded history and dates back to 4000 B.C. Twenty one dynasties of Hindus, Budhists, Kushans, Huns, Shamshers, Chaks, Mughals, Pathans, Sikhs and Dogras had ruled Kashmir.
The chapter second of the book narrates the emergence of Kashmir Resistance Struggle. In this chapter the Author has given minute description right from the 1846 A.D. when the British defeated Sikhs and apparently sold Kashmir to Gulab Singh till the events of 1947. In this chapter the Author has well described the events which led to accession and different communications thereafter.
The Second Generation Armed Struggle is in the chapter third of the book. The Author has given detailed analysis of armed struggle and has discussed the idea of Operation Gibralter, creation of Muslim United Front, Jamat-i-Islami and other Organizations which came in limelight at that juncture. The Author has not left out even a single event as the Author has mentioned the events from digging up the Cricket Pitch till K.C.Pant’s role as negotiator and has also given the name of almost every single person who got directly or indirectly involved in the conflict who played a pivotal rule.
Making Of Al-Fatah in Kashmir, is in the chapter fourth of the book in which the Author has given the details of Guerilla Warfare in Kashmir and also mention the Constitution of Young Men’s League and also mentioned the role of different leaders in this chapter. In this chapter the Author has also given the details of Maqbool Batt’s execution.
Chapter Fifth of the book is the most important and interesting to read as it relates to Armed Revolt in Kashmir 1988 onwards, in this chapter the events seems to be much familiar with the present generation which gives the reader an additional taste.
The conclusion part of the book is highly appreciable as the Author has suggested some Confidence Building Measures (CBM’s) for peace building structures for dignified and durable resolution of Kashmir. The most beautiful part of this book is that every chapter is followed by notes which shall act as ready referencer to understand the events and incidents in the chapter.
Besides these chapters the Author has included various important Agreements like Shimla Agreement, Tashkant Declaration, McNaughton Proposal, Dixson Proposal, Musharraff’s 4 Point Formula and other equally important Declarations, Treaties and Letters as Appendices.
In this book the Author has given a neutral account with the description of broader understanding on Kashmir with the intention that people who matter develop a way forward for the realistic solution of a tangled issue- a Nuclear flash point between two Nuclear States of the Subcontinent.

The book has everything in it from emergence of political resistance movement till mass uprising and has traced the events right from 1947 till 2018. The book can referred as Modern History of Kashmir and a tribute to the Kashmir Resistance Movement. The book is handy for those who are interested in the history of State and for those who wants to know about the Kashmir conflict and resistance movement of Kashmir as per the Author the Resolution of Kashmir is to be carved out of the situation not the positions taken by India and Pakistan, as positions always led to unresolved conflicts. The Kashmir inherited an unfortunate legacy of uncertainty, disbelief and the passion of enmity and animosity, manufactured rather invented in subcontinent.
The Author of this book is Rao Farman Ali, who has authored five books on Kashmir conflict. The Author has presented several papers in local and International Seminars on various themes and is well appreciated. The Author has vast experience in the field of social entrepreneurship and conflict resolution.


Asrar Ali (Author) is an advocate, practicing in J&K High Court.

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